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Towards the Stabilization of the African Great Lakes Region ?

Les USA rompent symboliquement l’aide militaire au Rwanda pour son rôle de pyromane dans la guerre au Kivu

By Guilain Mathe, 22 juillet 2012

Le gouvernement Obama marque une rupture décisive avec ses prédécesseurs dans la conduite de la politique étrangère américaine en Afrique des Grands Lacs. Depuis bientôt deux décennies, les organisations de la société civile congolaises et internationales de défense des Droits de l’Homme n’ont cessé de dénoncer une politique étrangère américaine excessivement pro-rwandaise qui pousse Kigali à perpétuer les crimes à l’Est de la RDC en toute impunité. Les mots ont manqué pour qualifier l’inaction complice des USA et de la Grande Bretagne, principaux bailleurs de fonds du régime de Kagamé depuis le génocide rwandais de 1994, afin d’exiger Kigali de cesser d’alimenter la crise la plus meurtrière d’après la deuxième guerre mondiale dans laquelle plus de 5 millions des congolais ont été tués en toute impunité. Après la publication fin juin 2012 du rapport des experts des Nations Unies qui a éclaboussé le Rwanda dans son soutien à la rébellion du M23 au Kivu, Obama et son administration font volte-face ! Cette année, le Rwanda sera privé de 200 mille dollars d’aide militaire américaine, tandis que d’autres décisions de la Maison Blanche pourront suivre très prochainement comme réponse au rôle de pyromane joué par le Rwanda dans la déstabilisation de l’Est de la RDC. Bien que symbolique, le GLPIC salue vivement ce ressaisissement du gouvernement américain tout en l’encourageant à prendre des mesures plus fermes encore pour mettre définitivement fin à la tragédie humanitaire à l’Est de la RDC.

US cuts military aid to Rwanda over its ‘support for Congolese rebels’

Source : http://www.scotsman.com/scotland-on...

Published on Sunday 22 July 2012 00:00

The US government said yesterday it will cut military aid to Rwanda for this year, citing evidence that Kigali is supporting rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The move is seen by analysts as a significant step by one of Rwanda’s staunchest allies.

Rwanda has denied reports by United Nations experts and rights groups that it is backing eastern Congolese rebels, including the M23 group, which has seized parts of North Kivu province in fighting that has displaced over 260,000 people since April.

But the US state department cited evidence of Rwandan support for the rebels in announcing the military aid suspension. “The United States government is deeply concerned about the evidence that Rwanda is implicated in the provision of support to Congolese rebel groups, including M23,” said Hilary Fuller Renner, a state department spokeswoman, in an e-mailed statement. “We will not obligate $200,000 in fiscal year 2012 foreign military financing funds that were intended to support a Rwandan academy for non-commissioned officers. These funds will be reallocated for programming in another country,” she said.

Washington has stood by Rwanda in the past despite the tiny nation’s long history of involvement in wars in vast neighbouring Congo.

Rwanda’s foreign minister has previously said reports of its involvement in Congo fighting were “disingenuous” and a bid to make Rwanda a scapegoat for its neighbour’s problems. Officials in Kigali were not immediately available for comment on the US aid cut.

Renner said Washington was in the process of assessing whether further steps should be taken in response to Rwanda’s actions in Congo.

She said the US would continue to help Rwanda’s peace-keeping missions. Rwanda has a major peace-keeping presence in Sudan’s Darfur region.

Although the amount of cash being withheld is small, analysts said the move signalled Washington’s displeasure. “The US government has been a longstanding ally of the Rwandan government. This step, even if symbolic, is emblematic of a shift in perception – if not necessarily in aid – in Washington,” said independent Congo expert Jason Stearns.

Rwanda sent its army into Congo, then called Zaire, in the mid 1990s, ostensibly to hunt down Rwandan Hutu rebels who fled there after the 1994 genocide.

A decade of conflict followed, in which Rwandan forces helped Congolese rebels topple the dictator Mobutu Sese Seko.

They then fell out with the rebels they initially backed, sparking a war that sucked in other neighbouring armies and officially ended in 2003.

The current rebellion comes after three years of generally improved relations between Kinshasa and Kigali, since the latter helped end a 2004-9 eastern Congolese uprising, which Rwanda was also accused of backing.

The leaders of Congo and Rwanda agreed at a meeting this month to allow a neutral force to be deployed in Congo with the aim of defeating 
each other’s rebels, but the details of the plan are still to be announced.

Mis en ligne par Guilain Mathe

Director, GLPIC

1 Message

  • Hey An opportunity has rleentcy come my way to move to Rwanda for a year and a half. I’ve been trying to do some research and came across your blog. I wanted to reach out to you and see if you could offer any insight in to Rwanda what life is like for an expat, security concerns, weather, diet, etc.We would be living in Kigali in the Kimihurura neighborhood, I think.Appreciate any thoughts and insight you can offer to someone thinking about moving to Rwanda ; and feel free to use my email to respond.All the best,Jesse

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